The inevitability of the hottest logistics informa

2022-07-30
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The inevitability of logistics informatization starting from supply chain management

China's logistics informatization construction has rationally returned from the "great leap forward" upsurge of "big work and fast progress". Relying on mature universal information technology, it is effectively improving internal inventory management, distribution management and customer service. Hedengcai, director of the Research Office of China Federation of logistics and purchasing, said that China's logistics informatization construction has been progressing step by step, and there has been a momentum of comprehensive promotion from enterprises to industries, regions and the entire logistics operation environment

supply chain management started. Hedengcai said that from the current situation, transportation and storage are the most important logistics business, and also the primary function in the informatization of logistics enterprises. Among the logistics enterprises that have established the logistics management information system, the application ratios of transportation management, storage management, financial system and order management reach 78.6%, 71.4%, 64.3% and 57.1% respectively. On this basis, the information system represented by supply chain management began to start. For example, Baogong group takes the self-developed comprehensive order management system (ToM) as the system platform, introduces the warehouse management system (wms-exe), transportation scheduling management system (TM) and automatic identification system (RF), and makes full use of the existing operation network and information network to provide customers with the storage, sorting, distribution, processing, packaging, order processing, inventory management, distribution coverage, cross operation Information processing and other comprehensive services. By using supply chain management, relying on it technology and factor resource integration, China National Reserve Corporation has rapidly improved labor efficiency, increased the average turnover of inventory goods from 10.6 times in the previous year to 13.6 times in 2004, and greatly eased the capital occupation of raw materials, semi-finished products and finished products by manufacturing enterprises in pre production, in production and post production links. The supply chain management project of information system connection between Baogong and users - Red Bull beverage company was selected as the "2004 national excellent case of logistics informatization". In addition, there have been some successful cases in the application of supply chain management in steel, automobile and other industries, which not only shows that the application of supply chain management information system has entered the heavy chemical industry from it, home appliances and retail, but also reflects that the use of carbon fiber materials to reduce the weight of parts by 40% to 50%. China's manufacturing industry, especially the heavy chemical industry, has begun to move towards a demand driven production mode, The formation of industrial chain is faster than expected

"the establishment of an information platform based on industry characteristics has promoted the innovation of business models through the integration of networks and information." Hedengcai said that in 2004, the construction of the pharmaceutical logistics information platform and the freight information platform were being tried. In September2004, the logistics information platform of traditional Chinese medicine decoction pieces in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province passed the expert appraisal organized by the provincial economic and trade department. The platform promotes modern logistics distribution and quantitative small packaging of Chinese herbal pieces, reduces the hospital's Chinese herbal medicine inventory, and increases the freshness of Chinese herbal pieces. For another example, Liangcheng logistics technology and other companies have independently developed a logistics information platform that has made great progress in China's plastic machinery industry, integrating Internet technology, wireless communication technology, satellite positioning and tracking technology, geographic information technology, etc., and using freight as the main line, covering all links of logistics supply chain management, to meet the comprehensive information needs of suppliers, manufacturers, freight operators, distributors and end customers. In addition, for the information content service provider SEI, on the basis of the original freight forwarding information station, many new participants have emerged, such as the extension of the trade information station to the logistics business and the exploration to the chain, which has become a trend worthy of attention

as one of the important contents of logistics planning, the construction of local logistics information platform is also on the agenda. He Dengcai cited a series of successful cases: the Xiamen logistics information platform "connects" the customs, national inspection, border inspection and other port departments to achieve information sharing and electronic operation. The key project of Shenzhen industry university research joint development - "Shenzhen modern logistics information public platform" has been launched. The construction and development of logistics node information platform mainly focusing on expanding and strengthening import and export trade airports, ports, stations and logistics parks in Southeast Asia is fast. The development and construction of the "airport logistics supervision information platform" of Nu Skin Baiyun Airport is a successful informatization case to realize the regional port linkage; The Yangtze River shipping prosperity index system was officially launched, which played an important guiding and reference role in the business decision-making of shipping enterprises and the industry planning of the government; The General Administration of customs and the Ministry of railways have successfully completed the joint construction of information platforms for four major railway ports in northern China, including Manzhouli, Alataw pass, Erenhot and Suifenhe. The logistics center of Wujiang Development Zone has adopted the advanced warehouse management information system and added the customs supervision function, which has solved the contradiction between the strictness of customs management and the flexibility required by customers, and greatly enhanced the core competitiveness of the logistics center

hedengcai said that in 2004, public services and government supervision began to become the focus of e-government, which played a role in promoting the construction of logistics information platform. On may1,2004, Tianjin Customs cancelled the paper document declaration of international navigation ships entering and leaving Tianjin port, and instead accepted the ship declaration data by EDI, realizing paperless customs clearance for international ships entering and leaving the port; With the "green channel" customs clearance information system established in Jiangsu Province, high-tech enterprises can enjoy six conveniences for export, such as early customs declaration, joint customs declaration, rapid customs transfer, door-to-door clearance, expedited customs clearance and guarantee clearance. New progress has also been made in the construction of the three major platforms of the Ministry of transport, including joint charging, security monitoring and public information services. Among the 10 intelligent transportation system demonstration cities determined by the Ministry of science and technology during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, the research and development of comprehensive transportation information platform has made some progress in many cities, providing experience for exploring and improving expressway management system and new operation mode. Since 2004, the government has strengthened the supervision of medicine, food, bonded logistics and other fields, with new changes in the scope, level and mode of supervision

wireless identification technology (RFID) is a hot technology in logistics informatization in recent years, especially the promotion of foreign powerful enterprises, which makes the application prospect of this technology attract much attention. China has already had successful application cases such as the vehicle dispatching system of the Ministry of railways, but hedengcai pointed out that the lack of application cases is still the primary factor affecting the promotion of this technology in the whole country. Other influencing factors include high cost and inconsistent standards. Therefore, generally speaking, the supplier is still enthusiastic and the demander is cautious. But the application of wireless communication technology behind RFID is showing great vitality. Due to the demand of mobile commerce and the requirement of operation management for visibility and controllability of the whole process, wireless communication technology has increasingly become the basic technology of logistics information system. For example, Haier Logistics not only adopts wireless scanning technology in data collection, but also builds on wireless access inventory management network in data transmission, sharing and other links, which enhances information processing capacity and management level. The mobility of logistics business will be more dependent on the development of wireless communication technology. (end)

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